Ongoing border security research projects, Horizon 2020, WP 2015


Pervasive and UseR Focused BiomeTrics BordEr ProjeCT




Timeline: 1 Sept 2016 to 31 Aug 2019





Short description:

The goal of the PROTECT project is an enhanced biometric-based person identification system that works robustly across a range of border crossing types and that has strong user-centric features.

The system will be deployed in Automated Border Control (ABC) areas supporting border guards to facilitate smooth and non-intrusive rapid crossing by travellers based on deployment of the next generation of biometric identification detection methods.

The ability for the system to efficiently process low-risk travellers, combined with increased levels of accuracy, security and privacy standards and enabling border guards to concentrate resource on higher-risk travellers, are central ambitions of the project. To achieve these goals, a multi-biometric enrolment and verification system is envisaged, taking into account current and next-generation e-Passport chips, mobile equipment and person identification ‘on the move’. Research will be undertaken into optimization of currently deployed biometric modalities, application of emerging biometrics (including contactless finger vein, speaker recognition and anthropometrics), multi-modal biometrics and counter-spoofing, for border control scenarios.

An integral part of the project is collection and dissemination of new border-realistic biometric datasets, and systematic evaluation of the developed biometric methods including vulnerability and privacy assessment. The PROTECT project is strongly user-driven and demonstration of the developed biometric system will be conducted at two different border crossing sites. Finally, the PROTECT project will make contributions to facilitating border crossing of bona-fide non-EU citizens as well as evolving standards in biometric systems.




Intelligent Portable ContROl SyStem




Timeline: 01 Sept 2016 to 31 Aug 2019




Address: 12, Jean Engling str., L-1466, Luxembourg


Short description:

iBorderCtrl  envisages to enable faster thorough border control for third country nationals crossing the borders of EU, with technologies that adopt the future development of the Schengen Border Management.

The project will present an optimal mixture of an enhanced, voluntary form of a Registered Traveller Programme and an auxiliary solution for the Entry/Exit System based on involving bona fide travellers.

iBorderCtrl designs and implements a system that adopts mobility concepts and consists of a two-stage procedure, designed to reduce cost/time spent per traveller at the crossing station. It leverages software and hardware technologies ranging from portable readers/scanners, various emerging and novel subsystems for automatic controls, wireless networking for mobile controls, and secure backend storage and processing.

The two-stage procedure includes:

(A) the registration before the travel to gather initial personal, travel document and vehicle data, perform a short, automated, non-invasive interview with an avatar, subject to lie detection and link the traveller to any pre-existing authority data. Utilizing multifactor analytics and risk-based approach, the data registered is processed and correlated with publicly open data or external systems such as the SIS II. Processing will need the travellers consent as set in EU legislation and national law.

(B) the actual control at the border that complements pre-registered information with results of security controls that are performed with a portable, wireless connected  iBorderCtrl  unit that can be used inside buses/trains or any point. Multiple technologies check validity and authenticity of parameters (e.g. travel documents, visa, face recognition of traveller using passport picture, real-time automated non-invasive lie detection in interview by officer, etc.). The data collected are encrypted, securely transferred and analysed in real time, providing an automated decision support system for the border control officers.




Multi-Energy High Resolution Modular Scan System for Internal and External Concealed Commodities


Timeline: 2016-05-01 to 2019-04-30





Short description:

MESMERISE will develop and test a High-resolution non-intrusive scanner up to TRL 5 able to automatically detect and identify both internal and external concealed commodities being entirely independent of human operator interpretation and training and based on two complementary technologies: ultra-low-dose Multispectral Xray transmission and Infrasonic interrogation.
A novel x-ray detector, in addition to a higher imaging resolution, captures 256 channels of spectroscopic information, allowing a step change in material identification. Crucially, this level of resolution has the potential to enhance the detection of narcotics and explosives concealed in the body -a highly complex problem with currently available equipment.

A second subsystem for detecting externally concealed items based on a novel, intrinsically safe technology (infrasound near-field acoustic holography) is entirely new to security screening. Low-fq MEM Micro-technology shall also be exploited to provide an automated version of non-contact pat-down.

Both sub-systems will be able to work independently, or together to provide complementary information and improve the detection of externally concealed objects. Automated algorithms for both subsystems and, through data fusion techniques, for the combined system will identify chemical substances, recognise pattern and detect anomalies with 100g threshold in any part of the body, including prosthetic elements or plasters.




RAdars for loNG distance if any problem shows up maritime surveillancE and SaR opeRations




Timeline: 01 May 2016 to 31 Oct 2019



EXUS Innovation

73-75 Mesogeion Av & Estias Str 1, 115 26, Athens, Greece


Short description:

RANGER innovates by combining novel and ground-breaking Radar technologies with innovative supporting technological solutions for early warning, in view of delivering a surveillance platform that will offer tracking as well as detection, recognition, and identification of vessels far beyond existing legacy radar systems. Furthermore, the RANGER system will seamlessly fit and contribute to the CISE framework through the provision of on-demand CISE compliant services.

RANGER is designed to provide solutions by improving sharpness and accuracy of existing surveillance systems through the implementation of innovative technologies. This will give the opportunity to its operators to have a clearer view of the approaching unknown small vessels while improving significantly the operational capabilities as well through the provision of automatic alerting procedures, classification of alerting and self-learning capabilities that RANGER platform is offering. What RANGER promises with respect to EUROSUR implementation is its strong complementarily by contributing with a source of information of high integrity and high actionable value. The combination of RANGER research and development outputs (OTH, PE-MIMO, EWS and CISE translation gateway) will yield significant added-value to the smart-borders initiative. RANGER will facilitate the improvement of the sea-border surveillance operations by overcoming the limitations of existing sensing means and the inherent difficulties of the task at hand. The sheer size of the monitored area, the complexity introduced by the numerous islands/islets and in some cases, the proximity of the departure points with respect to the defined borders, call for a solutions such as RANGER providing accurate, fast and efficient detection while being cost-efficient both in terms of ownership but also in terms of operations and maintenance.

The most important contribution of RANGER will be to significantly progress the accuracy and long distance detection, identification and recognition capacity for small boats, thus drastically improving the response and intervention capacity of European SaR services and personnel, severely reducing the expected number of casualties in the Mediterranean basin, whether it is the Greek archipelago, the southern Atlantic or the open seas of Italy and France.




System for detection of Threat Agents in Maritime Border Environment



Timeline: 1 May 2016 to 31 Oct 2018



Royal Military Academy of Belgium 
Department of Mechanics, Unmanned Vehicle Centre 

30, Av. De La Renaissance, 1000 Brussels, Belgium 


Short description:

The main objective of the SafeShore project is to cover existing gaps in coastal border surveillance, increasing internal security by preventing cross-border crime such trafficking in human beings and the smuggling of drugs. It is designed to be integrated with existing systems and create a continuous detection line along the border. One of the treats to the maritime coast are small Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) which can carry explosives or which can be used for smuggling drugs, boats and human intruders on the sea shore.

The SafeShore core solution for detecting small targets that are flying at low attitude is to use a 3D LIDAR that scans the sky and creates above the protected area a virtual dome shield. SafeShore will also integrate the 3D LIDAR with passive acoustic sensors, passive radio detection and video analytics.

One of SafeShore specific objectives will be to cover 1500-m1800m along the coastal border. This will be done with 3 mobile platforms. Each one of those will cover itself with a dome-shaped virtual detection shield with a radius of about 250m to 300m. There will be approximately 50 meters overlapping between the platforms. The overlapping will create a continuous detection shield along the shore.

The SafeShore objective will be to demonstrate the detection capabilities in the missing detection gaps of other existing systems such as costal radars, thereby also ensuring the fusion of information and increasing the situational awareness and better implementation of the European Maritime Security Strategy based on the information exchange frameworks, EUROSUR and EUCISE 2020.

All SafeShore objectives are measurable, realistic and achievable within the duration of the project, as the SafeShore project will build 3 prototypes that are going to assess the accomplishment of the objectives. Three end-user scripted and end-user validated field trials will be set up to validate these systems: in the North Sea, Black Sea and Mediterranean.




Advanced Low Flying Aircrafts Detection and Tracking




Timeline: 01 Jan 2017 to 31 Dec 2019



TECHNIKON Forschungs- und Planungsgesellschaft mbH

Burgplatz 3a

9500 Villach



Short description:

ALFA will bridge the existing capability gap of current operational surveillance systems for border control with respect to detection, classification and identification of LSS (Low, Small and Slow) manned and unmanned flying vehicles.

ALFA is future-ready as technologies for drone detection will be a part of the system, which will use het­erogeneous, easy-to-deploy mobile sensors based on several novel technologies.

The main objective of the project is the development of a sys­tem for timely detection, classification and understanding of the intentions of suspected air targets. The system will also provide a prediction of the landing site or dropping zone.