Date of publication: Mon, 02/08/2010
This report describes two automated border crossing systems – RAPID in Portugal and
SmartGate in Australia- based on the use of electronic passports and facial image. The two
are pioneer systems operational in international airports in Portugal and Australia. In both
cases electronic passports are used as the biometric data storage medium and facial
recognition is the base for biometric matching.
Date of publication: Fri, 21/09/2018
This study was performed during 2010 on behalf of Frontex by PricewaterhouseCoopers, working together with Collis and the digital-security group of Radboud University, Nijmegen. The study included direct interviews with selected experts and a questionnaire answered by European authorities, and was concluded with a risk-analysis workshop attended by experts selected by the EU/Schengen Member States national authorities.
The resulting report covers not only security but also interoperability and follows the e-Passport through all the steps of its life-cycle, from application to invalidation.