Date of publication: 
Sat, 07/12/2019
This study was performed during 2010 on behalf of Frontex by PricewaterhouseCoopers, working together with Collis and the digital-security group of Radboud University, Nijmegen. The study included direct interviews with selected experts and a questionnaire answered by European authorities, and was concluded with a risk-analysis workshop attended by experts selected by the EU/Schengen Member States national authorities. The resulting report covers not only security but also interoperability and follows the e-Passport through all the steps of its life-cycle, from application to invalidation.