Best Practice Technical Guidelines for Automated Border Control (ABC) Systems
The present document constitutes a compendium of best practice guidelines on the design, deployment and operation of automated border control systems with a focus on their technical dimension. Automated Border Control (ABC) is defined as the use of automated or semi-automated systems which can verify the identity of travellers at border crossing points (BCPs), without the need for human intervention. The term Best Practice Guidelines (BPG), on the other hand, refers to knowledge, typically based on experience, which can be shared in order to achieve improved results towards specific objectives. These BPG have been drafted by the Frontex Working Group (WG) on ABC in an effort to promote harmonisation of practice, similar traveller experience, and consistent security levels at the different BCPs where ABC systems have been deployed. The intended audience are technical experts involved in the design and implementation of ABC systems in the EU Member States (MSs), including project managers and system architects from border management authorities. While these ABC Best Practical Technical Guidelines have been conceived as a standalone resource, ideally they should be read in combination with the Frontex “Best Practice Operational Guidelines for ABC Systems”. Both documents focus on ABC systems based on the use of an electronic travel document (generally an ICAO compliant e-Passport) which can be used by EU citizens without the need of pre-enrolment. Registered Traveller Programmes (RTPs) are outside its scope. The biometric markers covered include both facial recognition and fingerprints. The BPG are structured in four main sections, which focus respectively on: 1) the physical architecture of an ABC system; 2) the document authentication process; 3) the biometric verification process; and 4) quality control.